What do Gibraltar and Japan have in frequent? They’re each nations the place UK cryptocurrency companies have been pressured to financial institution. Shunned by UK establishments, corporations based mostly in London, the monetary capital of the world, are having to look overseas for alternate options. This unofficial blanket ban isn’t merely having a damaging impact on the digital currencies market; it dangers jeopardising London’s world monetary supremacy.
Already, cryptocurrencies are too huge to disregard. Value over half a trillion , the market equates to round 10 % of the $5 trillion in circulation throughout the globe. Regulation legitimises applied sciences, services, which implies there may be then room to innovate and evolve. This makes the UK’s silence on crypto significantly unusual: it specialises in sensible, light-touch regulation that enhances cooperation and competitors – which is precisely what the crypto business wants. Furthermore, the Metropolis needs to develop as monetary and fintech chief, and proceed to take action within the face of Brexit. It’s clear what occurs to jurisdictions that don’t act: they miss out, with companies shifting and ecosystems rising elsewhere. Cryptocurrencies current a chance, not an issue, and it’s crucial that the UK strikes now to manage, or threat shedding enterprise and stature quick.
The digital currencies sector has generated billions in earnings and created hundreds of jobs around the globe. International locations which have already regulated it are reaping the advantages. Final yr, whereas its neighbours China and South Korea cracked down on cryptocurrency exchanges and preliminary coin choices (ICOs), Japan amended its Fee Providers Act to permit digital currencies as a authorized type of cost. Regulators then authorised 11 current exchanges and 17 currencies that may be traded on these exchanges. The consequence was that the turnover of bitcoins that originate in Japan might be as excessive as 60 % of world volumes, and banks, even telecoms companies, have began utilizing crypto, and interesting with ICOs. Earlier than Christmas, three of Japan’s huge bank card companies introduced that they had begun utilizing Ripple know-how. Regulation permits sectors to mature, figuring out and creating reputable market gamers. This makes life far simpler for incumbents offering companies to these companies, and engenders additional exercise.
What’s extra, these of us offering companies within the sector are already seeing a story of two realities, with enterprise caught between steering away from an unregulated sector, whereas additionally understandably eager to take part in its success. After I’m presenting at conferences, the official line from monetary establishments is “woah, it is too early to take crypto critically”. Afterwards, senior bankers crowd round you saying “we’re already doing so; how can we work with you?”. My firm, Coinfirm, helps corporations safely and compliantly undertake blockchain options, the know-how that powers cryptocurrencies. Banks must cease seeing this sector as inherently dangerous, and as an alternative begin work on the premise of threat administration. However they’ll solely achieve this if the regulatory atmosphere doesn’t stop them from assessing potential purchasers. And it isn’t simply monetary establishments to which this is applicable. These utilizing blockchain to streamline monetary processes, accepting cryptocurrency funds, and dealing on sensible contracts are additionally determined for regulatory development.
Given London’s monitor document of versatile regulation, making a framework for cryptocurrencies needn’t be too tasking. For a lot of corporations working within the area, a inexperienced mild from the regulator that acknowledges their similarity to cost processors could be an unlimited enchancment. Cryptocurrency exchanges and different tasks like blockchain lotteries are already selecting to adjust to anti-money laundering and buyer safety guidelines, with excessive ranges of due diligence being achieved. And the EU’s fifth Anti-Cash Laundering Directive will mandate companies to adjust to the identical stringent requirements because the playing business. A subsequent step could be to supply licensing necessities for corporations creating services within the sector. This is able to allow them to financial institution with UK banks, opening accounts and being handled as barely greater threat, however not left unserved.
Evidently a degree of bespoke regulation is required. However the UK, with London the undisputed finest place on the earth for monetary regulation, is as much as the duty when it comes to expertise and capabilities. The priority is that, significantly within the face of Brexit, focus and momentum will probably be misplaced. That is the place the business itself is available in. We’re prepared, prepared and in a position to assist. There are already initiatives throughout the sector which may present the framework for dialogue with the regulator. Quite a few corporations are already working to enhance compliance, due diligence and finest apply. At Coinfirm, for example, we drafted guidance for our company purchasers on handle the anti-money laundering threat in digital currencies, making reference to current rules. This has change into the de facto business customary, however we now must see the urge for food and can from policymakers and regulators to take issues additional.
There is just one various to being proactive and preventative: ready till one thing goes mistaken. Given the scale of as we speak’s crypto market, I feel everyone knows that that’s now not an possibility.
Pawel Kuskowski is the CEO of Coinfirm, and former Head of International AML Operate at RBS